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Addressable LED Strip: The Ultimate Guide for 2024

Views: 4014     Author: LEDODM     Publish Time: 2024-05-28      Origin: LEDODM

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Don't you konw what is Addressable LED Strip Light?If you are looking to Purchase LED strip and want to know if it is addressable, this article is for you! In it, we will discuss what addressability is and how you can tell if an LED strip has it. We will also provide some tips on how to use addressable LED strips in your next project.If you don’t know how to choose the right addressable LED strip yet, don’t worry.So, without any further delay,Let me explain to you!Let's get started!

Whether you should use the WS2811,WS2812B,WS2815,WS2813,WS2818 will depend on how you plan to use it.

WS2815-Color-Consistency

What Is An Addressable LED Strip Light


An addressable LED strip light, also known as a programmable or digital LED strip light, is a type of lighting fixture that consists of multiple individually controllable LED diodes mounted on a flexible strip. Unlike traditional LED strips, where all LEDs light up in the same color and pattern, addressable LED strips allow you to control each LED individually.


Each LED on the strip has its own microcontroller, which can be programmed to display different colors, brightness levels, and patterns. This level of control is made possible by using protocols such as WS2811 or WS2812, which allow communication between the microcontrollers and a central controller, such as an Arduino or a specialized LED controller.


With addressable LED strip lights, you can create dynamic lighting effects, animations, and patterns. These lights are commonly used for decorative purposes, stage lighting, home automation, and other creative lighting applications. 


WS2811 12V


What is difference between addressable LED strip and regular RGB LED strip?


Regular RGB LED strips are composed of a series of LEDs that are wired together and controlled as a single unit, meaning that all of the LEDs in the strip are the same color and brightness and will display the same pattern or effect.


Addressable LED strips have a microcontroller embedded within the strip that allows each LED (each unit) to be controlled individually. This means that each LED (each unit) can be set to a different color and brightness, and can display a unique pattern or effect. The microcontroller communicates with the LEDs using a control protocol, such as DMX512 or SPI, allowing for a wide range of color and animation possibilities.


How Do Addressable LED Strips Work?

Understanding how addressable LED work is critical to having the best lighting design for your project. We’ll keep it simple so you don’t get caught up in too many technical details.


Addressable LED strips let you control each LED (chip) individually, which is made possible by combining an integrated circuit chip (ICs), a controller, and a power supply.


Each LED has its standalone integrated chip (IC) responsible for changing that particular LED’s color and brightness.


The addressable LED strip light is arranged in groups of 3 or 7 chips wired in series. There is a cutting point after each group which is how you can get the desired length of the LED strip.


Next up is a microcontroller that controls each IC of the LED. It does that by utilizing data channels that connect IC with the controllers.


Traditional RGB LED strip doesn’t have controllers with data channels and instead is connected with R, G, B, and + pins that can only send single commands.


All of this is powered by a power supply.  It uses a low-power DC supply, typically 12V or 24V.  


Moreover, two control protocols, DMX512 and WS2812, are available in the market.


DMX512 is more for professional use, like big light shows, while WS2812 is beginner-friendly and typically used in small-scale projects.


What is WS2811 LED Strip Light?


WS2811 LED strip is an economically addressable led strip controlled by external IC WS2811. Each IC controls 3 LEDs hence every 3 LEDs are cuttable as one single pixel. Each pixel is individually addressable, which makes it very flexible in many applications.

WS2811 LED Strip

WS2811 Working Principle

The WS2811 IC works by using pulse-width modulation (PWM) to control the brightness of each LED in a string. The IC receives data from a microcontroller, which sends information about the color and brightness of each LED in the string.


The data is sent in the form of a serial signal, with each bit being represented by a pulse of either high or low voltage. The WS2811 IC uses a specific timing protocol to interpret this signal and generate the appropriate PWM signals for each LED.


The WS2811 IC contains an internal shift register, which stores the data received from the microcontroller. The shift register is used to transfer the data to the output stage of the IC, which generates the PWM signals for each LED.


In addition to controlling the brightness of each LED, the WS2811 IC also provides some additional features such as adjustable brightness levels, color correction, and built-in self-test functions. These features make it a popular choice for both hobbyist and commercial LED lighting applications. 


Is WS2811 individually addressable?

No, the WS2811 LED driver does not support individually addressable. The WS2811 is a popular external IC used for controlling addressable RGB LEDs, similar to the popular SM16703, RGB LED. Each WS2811 chip can control a group of RGB LEDs and can be programmed to set the color and brightness of that pixel independently of any other pixels in the chain. By chaining multiple WS2811 chips together, it is possible to control entire arrays of RGB LEDs with complex patterns and animations.


What is WS2812B LED Strip Light?

WS2812B-single

Inside the WS2812B intelligent control LED light source is a package of 5050 parts, including the control circuit and the RGB chip. It has a signal-reshaping amplifier drive circuit, and an intelligently-processing digital port data latch. Also built into the device are a precision internal oscillator and a programmable constant current control element. These parts work together to keep the pixel point light’s color height the same.


In the data transfer protocol, there is only one NZR communication channel. After the pixel has been turned on and reset, the controller will send the data to the DIN port. The first pixel will get the first 24-bit data and send it to the internal data latch. The internal signal of the amplification circuit shapes the other data, which is then sent through the DO port to the next cascade pixel.


After the signal has been sent, it is cut down to 24 bits for each pixel. Pixels use auto-reshaping transmit technology, which means that the number of pixels in a cascade is not limited by how fast the signal can be sent. LEDs run on a low voltage, which is good for the environment and saves a lot of power. They also have a high level of brightness, a wide angle of scattering, good uniformity, low power use, and a long lifespan. The integrated control chip in LEDs is changing to become a circuit with fewer parts, less space, and an easier way to put it together.


What is WS2813 LED Strip Light?


The WS2813 strip light is an updated version of the WS2812B, similar to how the WS2812B is an improved version of the WS2811, but with break continuous function, while one IC is broken, the signal can still pass through.


WS2813 LED Strip



What is WS2815 LED Strip Light?


WS2815 led strip is an intelligent control LED light source that the control circuit and RGB chips are integrated into a package of 5050 components. Its internal includes an intelligent digital port data latch and signal reshaping amplification drive circuit. Dual-signal wires version, signal break-point continuous transmission. Any pixel’s failure won't affect signal transfer and the total emitting effect.

WS2815 LED Strip


What is WS2818 LED Strip Light?

External_Breakpoint_spec

WS2818 LED Strip

the main difference between WS2811 led light strip and WS2818 led light strip is whether it has the function of breakpoint continue transmission and the other performances are the same.


Applications of WS2818 Pixel LED Strip

Due to their versatility, WS2818 addressable LED strips are used in various applications such as:


Home Decoration: WS2818 tape light can be used to create stunning accent lighting, under-cabinet lighting, or even outdoor lights for pathways and patios.


Commercial Lighting: These LED strips are ideal for creating eye-catching displays, signage, and architectural highlights in retail, hospitality, and other commercial environments.


Event and Stage Lighting: These digital LED strips can be used to create dazzling light shows, stage effects, and interactive installations at concerts, festivals, and other live events.


What Is The Difference Between The WS2811 And The WS2812B?

For the WS2811 LED chip to work properly, it needs a voltage of 12 volts. In contrast, the WS2812B chip only needs 5V to operate. When you use an LED strip with many LEDs, the voltage will drop a lot along the length of the strip. This means that the last few LEDs at the end of the strip and farthest from the board will have a lower voltage.


For example, your strip has 30 LEDs, and the voltage drops by 2V near the end. The WS2811 chip will control the rest of the LEDs, and each will get about 10V. For a 12V LED, this is still fine because it was made to work with that voltage. If you use a WS2812B that operates at 5V, the voltage drop you experience will be 3V, not the 5V that is reported. Right there, the voltage has significantly dropped there.


What is breakpoint resume function of SPI addressable led strip?


The breakpoint resume function means that when only one IC fails, the signal can still be passed on to subsequent ICs.

Break-resumed-transmission



12-Volt vs. 24-Volt LED Strip Lights: What’s the Difference?

When selecting an LED strip light there are many factors to consider, such as brightness, color, weatherproofing, and more. But what about voltage? The majority of strips are available in either 12V or 24V. So what’s the difference between these two options? Is one voltage better than another? What are the advantages of each?


The simple answer is that it comes down to your project. Each voltage is better suited for specific applications, and is only compatible with strips and accessories that are the same voltage. These factors can be easily used to guide your decisions.


24 VDC is less susceptible to voltage drop, meaning that it can illuminate a strip more consistently over a greater distance. If you need a longer line of light from one power source, 24 VDC is a great choice. While a higher voltage doesn’t inherently mean a brighter light, 24 VDC is also able to sustain higher densities of LED chips.


On the other hand, 12 VDC is a common voltage, so strip compatibility may eliminate the need for additional power supplies. If you are installing lights in a vehicle, for example, a 12 VDC strip light can often be directly connected to the existing electrical system. While there are certainly exceptions to this, and it is important to check your existing system before making a purchase, 12V strips can offer a more convenient installation solution in many cases.


All LED strips, whether 12V or 24V, offer exceptional efficiency and brightness within a low profile.


Advantages Of Addressable LED Strips

led strip light

Compared with traditional lighting fixtures, addressable LED Strip have the following advantages:


1) Safety:

The addressable LED strip uses low-voltage DC 5V,12V,24V power supply voltage, so it is very safe to use. The elderly and children can use it with confidence, and there is no safety hazard.


2) Environmental protection:

No matter whether it is LED or FPC, the raw materials of the LED pixel strip are selected environmentally friendly materials, it can be recycled and will not cause environmental pollution and damage due to large-scale use.


3) Super energy-saving:

The power of the DC12V 30LEDs/m 5050 strip lights is 7.2W per meter. Compared with traditional lighting decoration lights, the addressable LED strip has much lower power and better effect.


4) Pure color:

The LED pixel tape uses high-brightness patch LED as the light-emitting element, so it has the advantages of LED light-emitting element, the light color is pure, soft, and no glare. It can not only be used for decoration, but also can be used for lighting.


5) Low calorific value:

The light-emitting of the LED strip element is LED. The power of a single LED chip is very low, generally 0.04-0.08W, so the heat generation is not high. Not only can it be used as decoration lighting in the fish tank, but it will not generate a large amount of heat to increase the water temperature and affect the growth of ornamental fish.


6) Long lifespan:

The normal operating life of the addressable LED strip is 80,000 to 100,000 hours. With continuous operation 24 hours a day, its lifespan is almost 10 years. Therefore, the life span of the LED pixel strips is several times that of traditional lamps.


7) Flexibility:

The LED pixel strip uses a very soft FPC as the substrate, which can be bent arbitrarily without breaking, is easy to shape, and is suitable for various advertising modeling needs, it can be arranged arbitrarily according to space layout requirements.


8) Easy installation:

The stip led lights is very easy to install. It can be installed on various supporting surfaces with fixing clips, wire grooves, iron wires, iron nets, etc. In addition, due to the light and thin led strips, the use of double-sided tape can also achieve a fixed function. It can be installed without professionals, and can truly enjoy the fun of DIY decoration.


9) Waterproof:

Waterproof led lights is divided into several grades, IP20 is not waterproof, IP65 surface glue, IP67 silicone casing waterproof, IP68 casing waterproof. Different application environments can use different waterproof levels.


10) Health:

In recent years, scientists have discovered that in addition to emitting visible light to provide a bright light environment, different wavelengths of light can cause damage to the skin and eyes of the human body. In addition, light can also regulate the secretion of melatonin from the pineal gland through the third type of sensory cells (ipRGC), thereby adjusting the body's circadian rhythm. Therefore, it is of great practical significance to advocate health, emphasize the biological safety of light, and improve the quality and comfort of light. L-band luminescence, not only can meet the rooting, sprouting, flowering, and fruiting of various plants, but it will not cause harm to the human body.


Factors to Consider When Choosing LED Light Strips

When selecting LED light strips for your specific needs, there are several factors to consider. Let's explore these key considerations:


Brightness and Lumens:

Consider the desired level of brightness for your intended application. LED light strips vary in terms of brightness output, so choose one that provides adequate illumination for your space. Lumens, a measurement of brightness, can help you determine the appropriate LED light strip for your needs.


Color Options and Color Accuracy:

LED light strips offer a range of color options, including single-color, multi-color, and RGB strips. If you require specific colors or dynamic color-changing effects, ensure the LED light strip you choose supports your desired color palette. Additionally, consider the color accuracy of the LEDs to achieve the desired lighting effect.


Waterproof and Weather Resistance:

For outdoor or damp environments, it is crucial to select LED light strips that are waterproof or have appropriate weather resistance. Waterproof strips are protected against moisture and can withstand outdoor conditions, ensuring their longevity and reliability.


Length and Cutting Options:

Determine the required length of LED light strip for your installation. LED light strips typically come in reels of varying lengths. Look for strips that can be easily cut at designated points without damaging the functionality. This feature allows you to customize the length of the strip to fit your specific requirements.


Compatibility with Controllers or Smart Home Systems:

If you desire advanced control options, ensure that the LED light strips are compatible with controllers or smart home systems. Controllers can provide convenient control over brightness, color selection, and lighting effects. Compatibility with smart home systems allows integration with voice commands or smartphone apps for seamless automation.


What are addressable led strips used for?

Decoration Lighting

Addressable LED strips can be widely used in KTV, bars, gyms, etc.


Building facades Lighting

Addressable LED strips can be used on the facades of tall buildings, on bridges, etc.


Special Event Lighting

Addressable LED strips can be used for Christmas, concerts, etc.


Home Lighting

Addressable LED strips can be used to decorate the home environment and create a festive, cozy feel.

985(1000)

How To Know If An Led Strip Is Addressable


There are a few ways to tell if an LED strip light is addressable. Below are a few of the most common ways:


1. Check The Packaging Or Product Description


Many LED strips will list whether or not they are addressable right on the package. If you can’t find this information, check the product website or contact the manufacturer.


2. You Can Also Check The Specifications


If you have an LED strip light and want to check its specs, you can usually find this information in the product manual. Addressable LED strips will list their maximum addressability – for example, how many LEDs they can control at once.


This will typically be stated as a number followed by the letter “M”. For example, a strip with a maximum addressability of 30 LEDs would be written as 30M.


3. Check The Connector Type


Addressable LED strips will typically have a three-pin connector, while non-addressable LED strips will have two pins. If you are not sure which one you have, try to find an LED strip that is similar in appearance and check its connector.


If your LED strip has a three-pin connector, it’s probably addressable. If not, then chances are it isn’t.


4. Look For A Controller Or Remote


One of the easiest ways to tell if an LED strip is addressable is by looking for a controller or remote. Addressable LED strips will come with some type of controller to send commands to the strip. If you don’t have a controller, you can usually find them online or in stores.


These types of remotes are typically used to control the color and brightness of your LED strip. They will allow you to change between colors like red, blue, or green for example – just make sure that it’s compatible with whatever type of LEDs you have installed first.


5. Look At How Many Wires Are Connected


The number of wires connected to your LED strip will determine whether it is addressable or not. If there are three wires, then chances are that you have an addressable LED strip light.


What this means is that each individual LED on your strip can be controlled individually. This allows for more creative lighting possibilities and gives you the ability to create patterns or animations with them.


If there are two wires connected, then it’s likely that your strip light isn’t addressable and will require a controller or remote to function properly.


6. Check The Product Manual


If all else fails, check your product’s user manual. It should say whether it is addressable or not right on the cover page – if not, then look through any other documents that came with it for more information about this topic. If there’s nothing in the manual, contact customer support to find out.


How to Choose the Right Addressable LED Strip?

Choosing the right digitally addressable LED strip depends on various factors. 

Knowing them will increase your chances of buying a suitable product for your project.


Where to Buy Addressable LED Strips?

If you are a first-time buyer or just want to improve your order, here are a few things you must consider when buying addressable LED strips for your project.


1. Online Website

Amazon, eBay, and AliExpress offer a wide range of addressable LED strip lights from various brands.


2. Electronics stores

Visit your local electronics stores


3. China Manufacturer 

You can visit the manufacturer's website 


Here is a table to shows the basic parameters of all IC:

   
IC TYPE
COLOR
VOLTAGE
LED QTY
Breakpoint transmission
You can choose addressable led strip from below specification. Any customization led strip can be offered.
WS2812B
5050 RGB
5V
30/60/72/96/144LEDs/m
No
WS2813B
5050 RGB
5V
30/60/72/96/144LEDs/m
Yes
WS2815B
5050 RGB
12V
30/60/72/96/144LEDs/m
Yes
WS2811
5050 RGB
12V/24V
30/60LEDs/m
No
WS2818
5050 RGB
12V/24V
60LEDs/m
Yes
WS2814A
5050 RGBW
12V/24V
60LEDs/m
No
WS2814
5050 RGBW
12V/24V
60LEDs/m
Yes
SK6812
3535 RGB
5V
30/60/72/96/144LEDs/m
No
SK6812
3535 RGBW
5V
30/60/72/96/144LEDs/m
No
SK6812
5050 RGBW
5V
30/60/72/96/144LEDs/m
No
DMX512
5050 RGB/RGBW
24V
60LEDs/m
Yes

Conclusion:

Addressable LED Strip Light is superior to others. Addressable RGBs give the user greater control over individual LEDs, including color, brightness and pattern. That’s why we recommend that you prefer Addressable LED Strip Light over other LED Strip Light.


Nonetheless, Addressable LED Strip Light exceeds its counterpart in many essential features. But it all depends on the purpose for which you are looking at the LED.


This post has shared a basic understanding of Addressable LED Strip Light  technologies.  After reading this article, we hope you can easily decide which LED Strip Light suits you.

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